Wednesday, 24 June 2015

Arctic Ice report 2015

Bad, but could be still worse. The ice extension is a little under average in the Arctic; there are regions where it exceeded the usual expectations: Greenland, the Canadian Archipelago and eastern Russia have good ice covering; part of Alaska, the Bering Sea and the Barents Sea, on the contrary, are lacking the average amount of ice due to a higher sea temperature.

Two below-average ice areas : one east of Scandinavia on the Berents Sea, the other in far-east siberian coast on the Bering sea, the area of the North-Pacific ocean vortex (or gyro).

The polar ice cap has been thick enough; the weakest ice parts on the Barents may be related to the Murmansk - Arkhangelsk pollution and growing marine traffic. Or to the norwegian oil platforms.

Ice extent average  for May. Ups and downs, but with a decreasing trend.

On the other hand, the May ice extent in the Antarctic is not only above average, but in record high levels of all months for years. The ice extent keeps growing at a higher rate than the decreasing ice rate in the Artic.

Despite some local voids, ice extension exceeds average. An Australian station had even to close, lacking access.

It looks as if an ice transfer was taking place from one pole to the other.

Sources: NSIDC / NASA

Saturday, 20 June 2015

Solstice this Sunday:
longest day, longest night

On this 21st of June, 7% of mankind will have no daylight, but a long 24 hours night. On the other hand, in Europe and North America, this shall be the longest day.

North of the Arctic Circle (66º 30' N), on Sunday 21, there will be full 24 h daylight.

Salekhard, Russia (66º 53')  ): the sun barely touches the horizon, and then starts rising again.

Iqaluit, Canada (63º 43' N): daylight for 20h 12m

Anchorage, Alaska (61º 13' N): sunrise at 4:20, sunset at 23:42 , that's 19 h sunlight.

Antarctic Circle (66º 30' S): on Sunday, there is a brief peak of light on the horizon, a few seconds, and the Sun vanishes. More southernly, a long 24 hours night.

Day Length
77° 29'
69° 40'
64° 54'
61° 09'
59° 53'

An excellent interactive map:

Have a nice Solstice !

Friday, 12 June 2015

Thanks, Hobart and Invercargill upside-down !

These two cities, which are near-antipodes of mine (Porto, Portugal), show the blue mark in the Blogger's visit map as recent (and frequent) visitors.

Porto: 41°9′N, 8°36′W
Invercargill: 46° 24' S, 168º 24' E
Hobart: 42° 52' S, 147° 19' E

To be perfect antipodes, they should have the same degrees of latitude, one North and the other South; and the longitudes should sum 180º.

Anyhow, that's really far far away, and it's amazing to be visited from that distance. Miracles of the Internet.

Welcome, dear 'antipodes', all the best !

Friday, 29 May 2015

Fjällbacka and the 'Swedish red' - a northern summer resort

Fjällbacka is a remote fishing village in Sweden's west coast, 130 km north of Gothenburg and close to the border with Norway, but far from main roads or airports.

The small village is now just a picturesque tourist resort, though still rather isolated, imune to industry and modern building.

In the right season it might well do a pleasant Ultima Thule - as it did for Ingrid Bergman. Especially for those who arrive sailing through the small islands of the archipelago, on the west coast of Sweden.

A tiny town built into a narrow strip of land between a rocky coast and steep cliffs.

Fjallbacka's skyline is dominated by the church tower.

Boats at anchor are reflected in the serene waters, and local ferries ply the channel between the village and the small islands.

Coordinates: 58° 36′ N, 11° 17′ E
(same as Stornoway, Scotland; Quebec; or Sitka, Alaska)

Population: ~1000

Bryggan Hotel, ideally facing the seashore, its back to the central square.

The famous "Swedish red" dominates, but other colours bring a lively sight to the small houses, white and blue in particular.

The central square:

Ingrid Bergman was a frequent visitor in Fjällbacka during her summer vacations. Her ashes were dropped into the waters around an island nearby, Dannholmen.

Ingrid Bergmans Torg

Her bust in the main square.

All roads take down to the quayside, the most lively area of the village in summer.

Fjallbacka was founded in the 17th century but it was during the 18th century that the fishing settlement prospered with the herring trade. The local fishery industry is believed to have invented the "anchovy seasoning", which is a specially seasoned herring.

Now the tourism industry, and the yacht sailing tourism in particular, provide a rich income to Fjallbacka, a top-class resort in summer.

A sturdy wooden staircase climbs up to the summit of Vetteberget hill, for a view of the village and the islands offshore.

Another must in town is a daily visit to the Setterlinds Bakery.

Since 1900.

Setterlinds bread making is famous around the region.

Fjällbacka Church

Designed by Adrian Pettersson, the church was completed in 1892. It is built of red granite, only found in the surrounding region of Bohuslän.

The church is in the neo-Gothic style typical of the period. In 1928 it underwent considerable renovation and the internal wall plastering was replaced.

The Fjällbacka archipelago

The main view and main activity here are related to the quiet sea and the small islands spread over its waters, where you can find small bays for shelter, a sailor's heaven as well as a heaven for kayakers... and bathers.

Dannholmen is the island where Ingrid Bergman used to stay:

The rising dove sculpture "Peace, our dream" by Gudmar Olovson, stands on the top of highest rock, next to the house. A landmark.


As the daylight dims, Fjällbacka has its best hour.

At 58º N, Fjällbacka has cold winters like north Scotland or Alaska.

Gorgeous even in winter, when the village sleeps, empty, under the snow.

Monday, 11 May 2015

Somerset Island, Nunavut, Canada
- stunning arctic wilderness

Somerset Island is a large, uninhabited island in the Arctic Canada region of Nunavut.

William Edward Parry was the first European to sight the island in 1819.

In 1848, James Clark Ross, commanding two ships, landed at Port Leopold, on the northeastern coast, to winter there during his search for the unfortunate Franklin expedition.

The quest for the Northwest Passage also passed around the island, either by South (Bellot Strait) or by North (Barrow Strait).

But since around 1000 AD, the north coast of Somerset Island was inhabited by the Thule people, as evidenced by whale bones, tunnels and stone ruins like a Thule house near Cape Anne.

Coordinates : 73° 15′ N, 93° 30′ W

Temporary occupation: at Arctic Watch camp and Fort Ross cabins.

Somerset Island is under an ice cap in the cold season, but in springtime the melting of ice uncovers deep canyons all across the land.

Port Leopold

The relatively quiet bay where James Clark Ross wintered would later become the site for a Hudson Bay company outpost for the fur trade.

The Hudson Bay Co. outpost at Port Leopold.

Port Leopold also served as a shelter for whaling ships.

The presently abandoned outpost was built in 1920 and was occupied then until the 1930s.

Fort Ross
at 72° 00′ N, 94°14′ W

The Fort Ross trading post, established in 1937, was run for 11 years by the Hudson's Bay Company, until 1948.

On the shore of Bellot Strait, at the southeastern end of Somerset Island, Fort Ross was the last trading post built by the Hudson's Bay Company in Canada's Arctic.

Rising out of the vast Arctic wilderness, Fort Ross had two buildings - a manager's house and a store - and was also home to a number of Inuit families.

When it was closed, people and goods were moved some 250 kilometers south to Taloyoak (on the mainland) and the island was left uninhabited except for occasional Inuit caribou hunters.

The Northwest passage

Ship wintering at Bellot Strait

Hudson Bay Company's Aklavik is the first known to have transited the Bellot Strait passage between Somerset Island and the Melville Peninsula in 1937, piloted by Scotty Gall. Maybe Viking sailors had accomplished the same centuries before.

Bellot Strait, a narrow 32 km passage separating the northernmost tip of North America from Somerset Island, is covered for several months with packed ice.

Henry Larsen transited the passage, in the St. Roch in the second successful transit in 1943. But he found this route, though shorter,  was dangerously icebound, and too shallow for regular commercial ships; most of the traffic sails by the northern waters of Barrow Strait.

Today, the local tourist camp organizes walks along the Passage, and even an yearly Marathon !

But the most stunning geological features in the island are its deep canyons and high waterfalls, at least after most of the ice has melt.

The meandering Cunningham river.

The Gull canyon in Cunningham river.

Rafting or kayaking in Cunningham river is also part of the tourist activities.

The Triple Falls.

The Arctic Watch tourism camp

Arctic Watch Lodge, installed since 1992, is located at Cunningham Inlet, on the northern coast, 800 km north of the Arctic Circle.

The transport is mostly provided by charter plane from Yellowknife, since a flat private airstrip has been built.

The complex has lodging capacity for 45 persons and provides all necessary equipment and meals.

Starting the Northwest Passage Marathon.

Somerset's Arctic fauna and flora.

For such a desolate territory, much animal life would not be expected on land. But though marine mammals are the real stars, the usual arctic land fauna is also present:

White rabbits. And where there are rabbits, there are...

White arctic foxes.

Polar bears are also frequent visitors, as marine mammals ashore are an easy prey.

Musk Ox, several herds.

Birds like arctic owls are also present, but the main animal attraction, though, seems to be perm whales, that come by hundreds to the Cunningham Inlet waters, just nearby the Arctic Watch lodge.

Purple Saxifrage, the inevitable and most famous Arctic flowering plant.


Note: I'd just like to disclaim any interest in advertising 'Arctic Watch lodge', which is referred only because it is in fact the only regular human presence on the island.